EVOLUTION FROM OBESITY TO DIABETES
The relationship between obesity and type 2 diabetes is closely related. Over the last century, obesity has emerged as leading global health concern through recent environmental and societal changes. The main factors are the consumption of high-calorie or high-fat foods, insufficient physical activity, and a shift towards a well-developed sedentary lifestyle. Overweight and obesity are defined by an excess accumulation of adipose tissue to an extent that impairs both physical and psycho-social health and well-being. Obesity is considered a health disaster.
Obesity is known to be the main risk factor for a number of non-communicable diseases like cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, hypertension, coronary heart disease, or certain types of cancers.
Since the majority of people with type 2 diabetes are overweight or obese, weight reduction is seen as the key therapeutic goal in the prevention and the management of type 2 diabetes.
Mostly people who are obese are unable to lose weight through diet and exercise, so for them bariatric therapies are more effective than drug therapies regarding weight reduction and metabolic processes – especially, when they are used to treat diabetes.