OBESITY- THE GLOBAL EPIDEMIC
Obesity is a common and preventable health condition. It is a major risk factor for developing non communicable diseases like heart disease, diabetes, joint aches, high blood pressure, hernia and other health concerns like infertility, depression, PCOD, obstructive sleep apnea.
There is presently a global epidemic of obesity in all age groups and in both developed and developing countries.
People don’t consider obesity a disease in fact it is considered a sign of high social status. Just like underweight condition is considered malnourishment so is obesity. Now how one would know that he/she falls in the category of obesity?
BMI – Parameter to Check Obesity
BMI is a simple and commonly used parameter for classifying various degrees of adiposity.
It is calculated: –
By the current World Health Organization (WHO) criteria,
|1.||A BMI < 18.5 kg/m2 is considered underweight|
|2.||18.5 – 24.9 kg/m2 is considered ideal weight|
|3.||25 – 29.9 kg/m2 is considered overweight|
The obese category is sub-divided into
|1.||Obese Class I(30 – 34.9 kg/m2),|
|2.||Obese Class II (35 – 39.9 kg/m2 )and|
|3.||Obese Class III(>= 40 kg/m2).|
A BMI greater than 28kg/m2 in adults is associated with a three to four-fold greater risk of morbidity due to Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Cardio Vascular Diseases than in the general population.Now you will be able to identify your BMI and start working on being healthy.
Break Old Habits
As a parent one must understand our habits are observed by our children which will develop their foundation of either staying healthy or building excuses for staying unhealthy and lazy.
Therefore, break your old habits of eating unhealthy and not exercising. Nowadays childhood obesity is becoming prevalent as due to shortage of time we are feeding them with processed foods, lack of physical activities.
The early onset of obesity is associated with the emergence of related complications, including metabolic and cardiovascular disorders, even in childhood, and may lead to an increased risk of death in adulthood. Obese children are more likely than their non-obese counterparts to grow into obese adults.
Weight Loss Strategies
Weight loss strategies include dietary therapy, exercise therapy, lifestyle modification, weight loss surgeries, behavior therapy. Controlling the portion size, selecting healthy nutrition dense foods will help in both losing and maintaining weight.
Being physically active increases your energy expenditure and also reduces the risk of heart disease more than that achieved by weight loss alone. Increase physical activity (walking, dancing, gardening, household chores and team or individual sports) slowly to at least 30 minutes or more of moderate-intensity physical activity on most, and preferably all, days of the week.
I will be discussing about weight loss surgeries in my next blog.